Anyone who declared their pension savings in their tax return and benefited from tax relief will be taxed on the capital accumulated.
When will my pension savings be taxed?
If you started saving for your pension before your 55th birthday, the rule
from 1 January 2015 is:
You will have to pay a one-off final tax at a favourable rate of 8% on your 60th birthday.
Each year for five years, from 2015 to 2019, a final tax of 1% will be collected early (not applicable to new contracts taken out from 1 January 2015). The amounts of 1% collected early on the actual savings accumulated on 31 December 2014 will be deducted from the 8% final tax due at the age of 60.
Increasing the amount you pay into your pension savings after turning 55 would result in the final tax being deducted 10 years after the increase. As this has detrimental consequences for you, we determine a maximum tax-deductible amount specifically for you (as from 1 January 2022), so you don't have the hassle of having to work it out yourself. More information and examples are provided in our frequently asked questions about pension saving.
After your 60th birthday, you can continue to save for your pension until the year in which you turn 64. You will still get up to 30% tax relief each year on deposits made after your 60th birthday, but you don't have to pay any final tax any more.
If you started saving for your pension on your 55th birthday or after that, the rule
from 1 January 2015 is:
After ten years of the contract, you pay a one-off final tax at the favourable rate of 8%.
Each year for five years, from 2015 to 2019, a final tax of 1% will be collected early (not applicable to new contracts taken out from 1 January 2015). The amounts of 1% collected early on the actual savings accumulated on 31 December 2014 will be deducted from the 8% final tax.
If you only start saving for your pension at the age of 55 or later, you can keep making deposits until the year in which you turn 64. In that case, you can withdraw your pension savings at a tax-friendly rate at the earliest 10 years after the date your pension savings contract started.
On which amount is the final tax calculated?
- Pension savings funds: on the savings. In that case, a notional return of 4.75% on the deposits is used. If the actual return ends up being higher, you don't have to pay tax on the surplus. The notional return for deposits made before 1992 is 6.25%.
- Pension savings insurance: on the portion of the reserve built up through deposits earning the guaranteed rate of interest. The final tax, therefore, is not charged on the portion of the reserve accrued through profit sharing.
The system of taxation for private individuals applying to all payments of pension savings policies made before the age of 60 is not dealt with here.